follow me on facebook follow me on Twitter follow me on YouTube  Concert Reviews - Photo Spreads - Tour News - Breaking News - Photo Gallery - Videos - Podcast Interviews - My Account
Band Encyclopedia - Live Music Venues - Press Releases - Music Blog Aggregator - Media Store - Staff & Contributors - Contact Us


Search

From The Artists Catalog

Band-opedia

[ Back | Home | Login ]

"Trent Reznor"   Bookmark and Share

Trent Reznor. (2009, January 20). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17:55, January 21, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trent_Reznor&oldid=265301845

Trent Reznor (born Michael Trent Reznor on May 17, 1965) is an American musician, singer, producer, and multi-instrumentalist. He operates under the studio name Nine Inch Nails, and was previously associated with the bands Option 30, Exotic Birds, and Tapeworm, among others. As of 2007, Reznor split his ties with Interscope Records, and is now an independent, unsigned musician. He is considered by the Los Angeles Times to be one of the most acclaimed creative figures of his generation of music.[1]

Reznor's first release as Nine Inch Nails, Pretty Hate Machine, was a commercial success, and he has released several major albums and singles since then. He has worked with David Bowie, Adrian Belew, Saul Williams, and Marilyn Manson (considered by some to be Reznor's protégé).[2] In 1997, Reznor appeared in Time magazine's list of the year's most influential Americans, and Spin magazine described him as "the most vital artist in music."[3]

Michael Trent Reznor was born in Mercer, Pennsylvania (halfway between Pittsburgh and Erie) to Michael Joseph Reznor and Nancy Lou Clark on May 17, 1965.[4] Reznor was referred to by his middle name to avoid confusion with his father. After his parents divorced, he lived with his grandparents, while his sister Tera lived with their mother.[5]

Reznor has acknowledged that his sheltered life in Pennsylvania left him feeling isolated from the outside world. In a 1994 interview with Rolling Stone, he makes reference to his choices in the music industry.

""Trent Reznor, Rolling Stone[6]

However, Reznor later said, "I don't want to give the impression it was a miserable childhood".[7]

At the Mercer Area Junior and Senior High Schools, Reznor learned to play the saxophone and tuba. He was a member of both the jazz and marching band. Former Mercer High School band director Dr. Hendley Hoge remembered Reznor as "very upbeat and friendly".[8] Reznor also became involved in theater while in high school. He was voted "Best in Drama" by classmates for his roles as Judas in Jesus Christ Superstar and Professor Harold Hill in The Music Man. Reznor graduated from this high school in 1983 and enrolled at Allegheny College, where he studied computer engineering.[9]

While still in high school in Mercer, Reznor was the keyboardist and one of the vocalists in a local band called The Klikz. Playing local clubs and quite a few high school dances throughout the area, The Klikz had a reputation as a talented and fun cover band. The repertoire consisted of the Pop and New Wave music hits of that period in the early 1980s. Playing a host of analog synthesizers, Reznor kept his primary keyboard on a stand he had constructed himself made from a work-mate table and a Lazy Susan that allowed him to rotate the keyboard along with his frenetic dancing and singing. The Klikz disbanded before Reznor went to college.

While he was enrolled in Allegheny College, Reznor joined local band Option 30, playing three shows a week with them. But after only a year of college, Reznor dropped out and moved to Cleveland, Ohio in order to pursue a career in music.[8] In 1985, he joined The Innocent as a keyboardist. They released one album, Livin' in the Street, but Reznor quit after just three months. In 1986, Reznor joined local band Exotic Birds. He also appeared with them as the fictional band "The Problems" in the 1987 film Light of Day.[10]

Reznor got a job at Right Track Studio (now known as Midtown Recording) as an assistant engineer and janitor.[11] Studio owner Bart Koster later commented that Reznor was "so focused in everything he [did]. When that guy waxed the floor, it looked great."[8] Reznor asked Koster for permission to record demos of his own songs for free during unused studio time. Koster agreed, remarking that it cost him "just a little wear on [his] tape heads".[8] While assembling these, the earliest NIN recordings, Reznor was unable to find a band that could articulate his songs as he wanted. Instead, inspired by Prince, he played all the instruments except drums himself.[12] This role remains Reznor's on most of the band's studio recordings, though he has occasionally involved other musicians and assistants. Several labels responded favorably to the demo material, and Reznor signed with TVT Records.[11] Nine selections from the Right Track demos were unofficially released in 1994 as Purest Feeling; many of these songs would appear in revised form on Pretty Hate Machine in 1989 under the name Nine Inch Nails.

Nine Inch Nails' debut album, Pretty Hate Machine was released in 1989. It was a moderate commercial success, and was certified Gold in 1992.[13] Amid pressure from Reznor's record label to produce a follow-up to Pretty Hate Machine, Reznor secretly began recording under various pseudonyms to avoid record company interference, resulting in the Broken EP, released in 1992.[14] In the summer of 1991 Nine Inch Nails was included in the Lollapalooza package tour. They later won a Grammy in 1993 for the song Wish in the Best Heavy Metal Performance category.[15]

Nine Inch Nails' second full-length album, The Downward Spiral, entered the Billboard 200 in 1994 at number two,[16] and remains the highest-selling Nine Inch Nails release in the United States.[13] To record the album, Reznor rented and moved into the 10050 Cielo Drive mansion, site of the 1969 Manson Family murders.[17] Reznor built a studio space in the house, which he renamed Le Pig, after the message scrawled on the front door with Sharon Tate's blood by her murderers.[18] Reznor told Entertainment Weekly that despite the notoriety attached to the house, he chose to record there because, "I looked at a lot of places, and this just happened to be the one I liked most".[18] Reznor took the front door of the house with him when he moved out, installing it at Nothing Studios, his new recording studio/record label headquarters in New Orleans.

The Downward Spiral was a critical and commercial success. It was ranked at number 25 in Spin's "100 Greatest Albums, 1985-2005", Spin also ranked it 11th on their "Top 90 Albums of the 90's ". Blender named it the 80th Greatest American Album. It was ranked #488 in the book The Top 500 Heavy Metal Albums of All Time by Martin Popoff. In 2001 Q named The Downward Spiral as one of the 50 Heaviest Albums Of All Time.[19] In 2003, the album was ranked number 200 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.[20]

Nine Inch Nails toured extensively over the next few years, including a performance at Woodstock '94, where he admitted to the audience that he did not like to play large venues.[21] Around this time, Reznor's studio perfectionism,[22] struggles with addiction, and bouts of writer's block prolonged the production of a follow-up record.[23]

Five years elapsed before Nine Inch Nails' next major album, The Fragile, a double CD that debuted in September 1999 at number one on the Billboard 200, selling 228,000 copies in its first week and receiving favorable reviews.[5] Another six years elapsed before Nine Inch Nails' next full-length album, With Teeth, which also debuted on the top of the Billboard 200.[24] The album was written and recorded following Reznor's battle with, and recovery from, alcoholism and substance abuse.[25]

Nine Inch Nails' 2007 major studio recording, Year Zero, was released alongside an accompanying alternate reality game.[26] With its lyrics written from the perspective of multiple fictitious characters, Reznor described Year Zero as a concept album criticizing the United States government's current policies and how they will impact the world 15 years in the future.[27]

In March 2008, A message appeared on Nine Inch Nails website saying "2 weeks." Released independently, the instrumental album Ghosts I""IV. Reznor mentions 'Ghosts I-IV' grew out of ideas during the 2007 tour and set out to record it with "very little forethought".[28]

In April, radio stations in the U.S. began playing the single Discipline. Again, the message "2 weeks" appeared on the website. On May 5, Nine Inch Nails released the studio album The Slip via free digital download. In his appreciation for his following and fan base, and having no contractual obligation, he made "The Slip" available for free on his website, stating "This one"s on me." The album was downloaded more than a million times before the end of May.[28] For the fans who prefer physical copies, he released the album as a limited edition CD/DVD set in July 2008 and as an LP in August.[29]

Nine Inch Nails has since gone on tour to support "The Slip", and have for the first time ever incorporated an acoustic set in their shows. Performing select songs off of Ghosts, the "Lights In The Sky" tour has seen Nine Inch Nails also perform sets lasting over 2 hours, and songs not played in over a decade.

On December 3, 2008, Reznor posted a message on the Nine Inch Nails website saying "... This was an amazing tour and production - certainly the best thing I've ever been involved with and likely the final tour for NIN on this scale. Thank you to those who came out to see it..." Reznor continued to confirm the end of his touring stating "The shows we have announced in 2009 and any more that may be announced will be a completely different approach with some different personnel and will likely be the last for the foreseeable future."

On January 7, 2009, Reznor posted on the NIN website a link to over 400GB of HD footage shot during the band's Lights in the Sky tour and expressed interest on what fans would create with the material .[30]

In May 2007, Reznor made a post on the official Nine Inch Nails website condemning Universal Music Group""the parent company of the band's record label, Interscope Records""for their pricing and distribution plans for Nine Inch Nails' 2007 album Year Zero.[31] He labeled the company's retail pricing of Year Zero in Australia as "ABSURD", [sic] concluding that "as a reward for being a 'true fan' you get ripped off". Reznor went on to say that as "the climate grows more and more desperate for record labels, their answer to their mostly self-inflicted wounds seems to be to screw the consumer over even more."[32] Reznor's post, specifically his criticism of the recording industry at large, elicited considerable media attention.[33] In September 2007, Reznor continued his attack on Universal Music Group at a concert in Australia, urging fans there to "steal" his music online instead of purchasing it legally.[34] Reznor went on to encourage the crowd to "steal and steal and steal some more and give it to all your friends and keep on stealin'."[35]

Trent Reznor announced later that Nine Inch Nails split from its contractual obligations with Interscope Records, and will distribute its next major albums independently. The last Nine Inch Nails release on Interscope was a remix album based on material from Year Zero.[36] Interscope retains the right to release a "Greatest Hits" album.[37] In March 2008, the seventh studio album by Nine Inch Nails, Ghosts I""IV, was released independently, under a Creative Commons license. The eighth studio album, The Slip, was released independently and is available free of charge on the band's website.

[28] During the five years between his albums The Downward Spiral (1994) and The Fragile (1999), Trent Reznor struggled with depression, social anxiety disorder, and the death of his grandmother (who raised him). To deal with these issues, Reznor abused alcohol and other drugs. He eventually became addicted to alcohol and cocaine, though denies rumors he used heroin.[1] In 2001, Reznor successfully completed rehab in New Orleans, and eventually moved to Los Angeles. In a 2005 interview with Kerrang!, Reznor makes a note of his self-destructive past: "There was a persona that had run its course. I needed to get my priorities straight, my head screwed on. Instead of always working, I took a couple of years off, just to figure out who I was and working out if I wanted to keep doing this or not. I had become a terrible addict; I needed to get my shit together, figure out what had happened".[23] Since recovering from his addictions, Reznor admitted in a 2005 interview with Revolver that "I"m pretty happy right now".[38]

In the late 1990s Reznor was involved in a feud with Limp Bizkit frontman Fred Durst, calling Durst a "moron" and saying in a 1999 interview in Rolling Stone, "Fred Durst can surf a piece of plywood up my ass".[39] However, Reznor is credited as a writer of the song "Hot Dog" on Limp Bizkit's album Chocolate Starfish and the Hot Dog Flavored Water, due to this song's use of lyrics from a number of Nine Inch Nails songs.[40]

Reznor is a fan of David Bowie, and has cited Bowie's 1977 album Low as one of his favorite albums. Reznor has stated that he played the album constantly during the recording of The Downward Spiral for inspiration.[7] In 1995, Nine Inch Nails and David Bowie toured as a co-headlining act on the Outside Tour, and also appears in Bowie's video for "I'm Afraid of Americans" as Bowie's stalker. Reznor also made several remixes for the single release of the same song.[41]

Reznor has also worked to further animal welfare. He narrated a video for PETA, describing the cat and dog fur trade in China and urging viewers to avoid fur clothing.[42]

Reznor was the credited writer for Marilyn Manson's albums Portrait of an American Family (1994), Smells Like Children (1995), and Antichrist Superstar (1996), as well as the soundtrack for the films Natural Born Killers and Lost Highway. Reznor is credited for "Driver Down" and "Videodrones; Questions" on the soundtrack for Lost Highway, while another track, "The Perfect Drug," is credited to Nine Inch Nails instead.

Reznor sang backing vocals on "Past the Mission" a 1994 Tori Amos song on the album Under the Pink. In 1998 Reznor produced a remix of Notorious B.I.G.'s song "Victory" which also featured Busta Rhymes.

The original music from id Software's video game Quake is credited to "Trent Reznor and Nine Inch Nails";[43] Reznor helped record sound effects and ambient audio, and the NIN logo appears on ammunition boxes in the game.[44] Reznor's association with id Software began with Reznor being a fan of the original Doom. He reunited with id Software in 2003 as the sound engineer for Doom 3, though due to "time, money and bad management",[45] he had to abandon the project, and his audio work did not make it into the game's final release.

Under the band name Tapeworm, Reznor collaborated over the span of nearly 10 years with Danny Lohner, Maynard James Keenan, and Atticus Ross, but the project was eventually terminated before any official material was released.[46] The only known released Tapeworm material was a reworked version of a track called "Vacant," retitled "Passive," on A Perfect Circle's 2004 album eMOTIVe.[47]

In 2006, Reznor played his first "solo" show(s) at Neil Young's annual Bridge School Benefit. Backed by a four piece string section, he performed stripped-down versions of many Nine Inch Nails songs.[48]

Reznor co-produced Saul Williams' 2007 album The Inevitable Rise and Liberation of NiggyTardust! after Williams toured with Nine Inch Nails in 2005 and 2006. Reznor convinced Williams to release the album as a free download, while giving fans the option of paying $5 for higher quality files, or downloading all of the songs at a lower quality for free.[49][50]

Reznor was also credited as "Musical Consultant" on the 2004 film Man on Fire.[51] The movie features six Nine Inch Nails songs.[52]

Reznor's work as Nine Inch Nails has influenced many newer artists, which according to Reznor range from "generic imitations" dating from the band's initial success to younger bands echoing his style in a "truer, less imitative way".[53] Following the release of The Downward Spiral, mainstream artists began to take notice of Nine Inch Nails' influence: David Bowie compared NIN's impact to that of The Velvet Underground.[54] In 1997, Reznor appeared in Time magazine's list of the year's most influential people, and Spin magazine described him as "the most vital artist in music."[3] Bob Ezrin, producer for Pink Floyd, Kiss, Alice Cooper, and Peter Gabriel, described Reznor in 2007 as a "true visionary" and advised aspiring artists to take note of his no-compromise attitude.[55] During a rare appearance at the Kerrang! Awards in London that year, Reznor accepted the Kerrang! Icon, honoring Nine Inch Nails' long-standing influence on rock music.[56] Timbaland, one of pop music's most successful producers in recent years has cited Trent Reznor as his favorite studio producer. [57] He was once supposed to work with now-deceased singer Aaliyah who stated her anticipation to work with Reznor, but their schedules conflicted with each other and the collaboration never happened.

Trent Reznor. (2009, January 20). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17:55, January 21, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trent_Reznor&oldid=265301845

This article has been read 2214 times.

[ Back | Top | Home | Login ]

Search

Video Gallery
J.Price - Discover


Photo Gallery
Click Here to Post!!!


The Burden Brothers at Stubb's Bar-...


Concert Reviews

  - Concert Review Primus at...
  - Slayer thrashes Austins ...
  - Hanging out with Slayer ...
  - Austin City Limits Live ...
  - Weezers Two Night Stand ...
  - Primus at Stubbs BarBQ A...
  - Sanctum Sully at Pisgah ...
  - The Moody Blues at ACL L...
  - Interpol at the Austin M...
  - Rise Against at Stubbs B...
  - Gogol Bordello at Stubbs...
  - Coheed and Cambria at St...
  - Guster at Stubbs BarBQ A...
  - Scissor Sisters at Stubb...
  - Cold War Kids at Stubbs ...
  - Styx at ACL Live at the ...
  - Tokyo Police Club at La ...
  - Suicidal Tendencies at W...
  - Black Crowes Massey Hal...
  - Freak Show Festival with...
  - American Carnage tears t...
  - More...


Photo Spreads

  - Suicidal Tendencies at A...
  - Exodus at ACL Live
  - Slayer at Auditorium Sho...
  - They Might Be Giants at ...
  - Counting Crows at Stubbs...
  - Steel Panther Sound Aca...
  - Buffy Sainte Marie Toro...
  - James Durbin at Stubbs B...
  - Evanescense at Stubbs Ba...
  - Sleigh Bells Phoenix Co...
  - Todd Rundgren at La Zona...
  - Arctic Monkeys Air Cana...
  - Lacuna Coil at ACL Live ...
  - Megadeth at ACL Live at ...
  - Gladys Knight at ACL Liv...
  - Earth Wind and Fire at A...
  - Polyphonic Spree at La Z...
  - The Fray The Opera Hous...
  - Willie Nelsons New Years...
  - Better Than Ezra at ACL ...
  - Nick Lowe at ACL Live at...
  - More...


Tour News

  - The Sword Announces New ...
  - As I Lay Dying Celebrate...
  - Shonen Knife launches No...
  - Pianos Become Teeth Tour...
  - Testament Tours In Suppo...
  - Thrust Management Tour S...
  - Five Finger Death Punch ...
  - Seahaven Tour Dates for ...
  - Fearless Friends Tours i...
  - Textures and The Contort...
  - Pentimento Kicks Off Pen...
  - Plug In Stereo Announces...
  - Moving Mountains Announc...
  - Star City Meltdown Annou...
  - Miss May Is No Guts No G...
  - Hawthorne Heights Announ...
  - Drive A Plays In Rock Al...
  - MADBALL tours next week
  - Five Finger Death Punch ...
  - Hostage Calm Tours with ...
  - Pentimento Starts Northe...
  - More...


Podcasts

  - Podcast Slayers Kerry Ki...
  - Podcast Interview with J...
  - Podcast Interview with J...
  - Podcast SXSW Artist Spot...
  - Podcast SXSW Artist Spot...
  - Podcast Interview with A...
  - Podcast SXSW Artist Spot...
  - Podcast Interview with V...
  - Videocast The Undergrou...
  - Podcast Interview with L...
  - Podcast NXNE Artist Spot...
  - Podcast NXNE Artist Spot...
  - Podcast NXNE Artist Spot...
  - Podcast Interview with C...
  - Podcast SXSW Artist Spot...
  - Podcast SXSW Artist Spot...
  - Podcast SXSW Artist Spot...
  - Podcast SXSW Artist Spot...
  - Podcast SXSW Artist Spot...
  - Podcast SXSW Artist Spot...
  - Podcast SXSW Artist Spot...
  - More...


Sponsors